Multifactorial Medication Mishap RCA

Multifactorial Medication Mishap RCA

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Root Cause Analysis Worksheet NSG/468 Version 1 1 University of Phoenix Material Medication Mishap Root Cause Analysis Worksheet Complete the table below to analyze the Week 4 case study. The analysis questions in the table have been adapted from The Joint Commission’s Root Cause Analysis and Action Plan Framework you reviewed in this week’s learning activity. Analysis Questions Considerations What was the intended process flow? List the relevant process steps as defined by the policy, procedure, protocol, or guidelines in effect at the time of the event. Were there any steps in the process that did not occur as intended? Explain in detail any deviation from the intended processes. What human factors were relevant to the outcome? Staff-related human performance factors such as fatigue, distraction, etc. How did the equipment performance affect the outcome? Consider all medical equipment and devices. What controllable environmental factors directly affected this outcome? Consider things such as overhead paging that cannot be heard or safety or security risks. What uncontrollable external factors influenced this outcome? Factors the organization cannot change Were there any other factors that directly influenced this outcome? Internal factors What are the other areas in the organization where this could happen? List where the potential exists for similar circumstances. Root Cause Analysis Findings Source: The Joint Commission ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS AND ACTION PLAN FRAMEWORK TEMPLATE. Revised 3/22/13. Accessed 10/07/2015: http://www.jointcommission.org/framework_for_conducting_a_root_cause_analysis_and_action_plan/ Root Cause (Y/N) Root Cause Analysis Worksheet NSG/468 Version 1 Considerations Root Cause Analysis Findings Root Cause (Y/N) Was the staff properly qualified and currently competent for their responsibilities at the time of the event? Evaluate processes in place to ensure staff is competent and qualified. N/A N/A How did actual staffing compare with ideal levels? Include ideal staffing ratios and actual staffing ratios along with unit census. N/A N/A What is the plan for dealing with staffing contingencies? What the organization does during a staffing crisis N/A N/A Were such contingencies a factor in this event? If alternative staff used, verify competency and environmental familiarity. N/A N/A Did staff performance during the event meet expectations? To what extent did staff perform as expected within or outside of the processes? To what degree was all the necessary information available when needed? Accurate? Complete? Unambiguous? Patient assessments were complete, shared and accessed by members of the treatment team To what degree was the communication among participants adequate for this situation? Analysis of factors related to team communication and communication methods Was this the appropriate physical environment for the processes being carried out for this situation? Proactively manage the patient care environment. What systems are in place to identify environmental risks? Were environmental risk assessments in place? What emergency and failure-mode responses have been planned and tested? What safety evaluations and drills have been conducted? How does the organization’s culture support risk reduction? Does the overall culture encourage change, suggestions, and warnings from staff regarding risky situations or problematic areas? N/A N/A Analysis Questions Source: The Joint Commission ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS AND ACTION PLAN FRAMEWORK TEMPLATE. Revised 3/22/13. Accessed 10/07/2015: http://www.jointcommission.org/framework_for_conducting_a_root_cause_analysis_and_action_plan/ 2 Root Cause Analysis Worksheet NSG/468 Version 1 Analysis Questions Considerations What are the barriers to communication of potential risk factors? Describe specific barriers to effective communication among caregivers. How is the prevention of adverse outcomes communicated as a high priority? Describe the organization’s adverse outcome procedures. How can orientation and in-service training be revised to reduce the risk of such events in the future? Describe how orientation and ongoing education needs of the staff are evaluated. Was available technology used as intended? Such as: CT scanning equipment, electronic charting, medication delivery system, tele-radiology services How might technology be introduced or redesigned to reduce risk in the future? Describe any future plans for implementation or redesign. Root Cause Analysis Findings Root Cause (Y/N) N/A N/A Source: The Joint Commission ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS AND ACTION PLAN FRAMEWORK TEMPLATE. Revised 3/22/13. Accessed 10/07/2015: http://www.jointcommission.org/framework_for_conducting_a_root_cause_analysis_and_action_plan/ 3
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