Discover Evidence Based Data Used in Clinical Practice

Discover Evidence Based Data Used in Clinical Practice




Discover Evidence Based Data Used in Clinical Practice

Discover Evidence Based Data Used in Clinical Practice


This Assignment is helpful in developing the groundwork for understanding and integrating evidence-based practice in healthcare throughout the rest of the course. In this Assignment you will have the chance to see how the research you look for can be applied in the work you do in your practice.


You will select a topic relevant to your practice area, post the topic to Discussion Board 2 for feedback, research the topic, and write a scholarly paper.

From the chapter readings and discussion, formulate a 3–5 page scholarly paper in APA format, providing an overview of the terms and function of EPB. An introduction, discussion and conclusion is expected in the overview on this topic


  1. Formulate the question.
  2. Using the Cochrane database, research the question using the PICOT model and key words.
  3. Post your topic and a short summary of results for feedback from your instructor and peers by Day 5.
  4. Write a 3–5 page paper, reviewing evidence-based practice, as it relates to your practice question and integrate feedback from the instructor and/or peers.
  5. Include a minimum of three evidence-based references.

To view the Grading Rubric for this Assignment, please visit the Grading Rubrics section of the Course Resources.

Assignment Requirements:

Before finalizing your work, you should:

  • be sure to read the Assignment description carefully (as displayed above);
  • consult the Grading Rubric (under the Course Resources) to make sure you have included everything necessary; and
  • utilize spelling and grammar check to minimize errors.

Your writing Assignment should:

  • follow the conventions of Standard English (correct grammar, punctuation, etc.);
  • be well ordered, logical, and unified, as well as original and insightful;
  • display superior content, organization, style, and mechanics; and
  • use APA 6th Edition format.
  • Please see the Writing Center located in the Academic Success Center in the student portal for assistance with writing, APA, and online communication. Critical Appraisal to Evaluate Evidence
  • Rapid critical appraisal is the opportunity to review evidence in a timely fashion. The ability to look at evidence and review it in a timely fashion will help your practice. You will learn how to look at the evidence that is returned from your database search, and identify what level of evidence is available from your search. For example, being able to identify that a randomized control trial is a reliable source of evidence, rather than an expert’s opinion.
    Five Components of a PICOT
    Recognizing the five components of PICOT questioning is the most pivotal aspect of evidence-based practice. Through PICOT, you can determine the patient population that you are working with, the intervention that you propose (based on the research), a comparison intervention and then review the outcome and the time it takes to reach the outcome. For example, determining how long it takes for the evidence-based intervention to improve the quality of life of a patient with terminal cancer.
    P = patient, population, or problem
    I = intervention, risk factor, assessment tool, or prognostic factor under scrutiny
    C = comparison (alternative to intervention; at times this element may be absent)
    O = outcome
    T = time (Is there a certain period of time that must transpire for the intervention to produce an outcome? At times this element may also be absent.
    How to Identify the Corresponding Research Design for the Foreground Question
    As you develop a PICOT format, you decide what research design you will use that best meets the needs of your clinical question. For example, if the intervention is a medication, then a case control study would be ideal to determine if the medication is effective compared to patients that do not receive the medication.
    How to Identify the Corresponding Research Design for the Foreground Question
    You will be able to identify the importance of evidence, recognizing that expert opinion and clinician opinion are the lowest level of evidence, with meta-analysis and randomized control trials at the top of the hierarchy.
    Difference Between Foreground and Background
    Foreground and background information must be distinguished for effective evidence-based PICOT development.
    Foreground information can be answered based on scientific evidence about diagnosing, treating, or even assisting patients. This would be the actual clinical question being researched. So, for example, the question of which analgesic works best to reduce a fever in a child would be foreground information
    Background information is broader in scope as it helps develop the foreground question. For this example on analgesic questioning, the background information would be “how do analgesics work in children?”