CUR535 Students Attitudes and Behaviors Outcomes and Evaluation Paper

CUR535 Students Attitudes and Behaviors Outcomes and Evaluation Paper

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Running head: ACTION RESEARCH PROPOSAL Action Research Proposal David Johnson III 1 ACTION RESEARCH PROPOSAL 2 Action Research Proposal Section 1: Problem Identification Problem Statement: The problem is focused on the nature of students’ attitudes and behaviors which has affected the quality of education in the school system. Understanding the predicament will lead to the involvement of various approaches in lessening the effect of the subject matter. Problem description: The deterioration of students’ attitudes and behaviors has affected the mode of teaching in schools where teachers report cases of disrespect, apathy, absenteeism, and lateness. Most of the behaviors are voluntary and occasional in high schools and colleges. The research will be conducted to analyze the causes and possible solutions for the predicament affecting the school system. However, the research can be faced with the problem of a lack of information when interviewing students or lack of voluntary participants in the survey. The education problem has not been handled based on the nature of students and the high school and college level that always look unbothered and uninterested in surveys. Therefore, the research project will be based on the need for finding the cure for the problem affecting teenagers and provide help to teachers in succeeding in the education programs. Purpose of the project: I chose the topic due to the increased cases of disrespect towards teachers whereby being a High School teacher has not been easy. Therefore, the research will inspire teachers in ways of handling students’ bad behaviors and attitudes. Section 2: Problem Documentation and Literature Review Literature Review: Authors Title Purpose of the study Pertinent findings supporting the project Reeves et.al. A BEME Systematic The study evaluates Interprofessional ACTION RESEARCH PROPOSAL 3 review of the effects the importance of education is linked to of Interprofessional applying social learning and Education: BEME interprofessional ethical student Guide No. 39. education strategy in development. medical students as a way of enhancing education in the clinical setting. Blazar & Kraft Teacher and Teaching Teachers have the role The study focuses on Effects on Students’ of supporting the the role of teachers Attitudes and students in elevating towards the students’ Behaviors. attitudes and attitudes and behavior. behaviors where emotional support is required. De-Leeuw et al. I am using the theory To ascertain the The study influences of planned behavior to effectiveness of the young people’s identify fundamental theory of planned behavior. beliefs underlying behavior. pro-environmental behavior in high school students: Implications for ACTION RESEARCH PROPOSAL 4 educational interventions. Briz-Ponce et al., Savelsbergh et al., Learning with mobile Mobile technology Students are willing to technologies: has helped in the collaborate using Students’ behavior. development of mobile technology students’ behavior. learning activities. Effects of innovative The research explores The study provides science and five different teaching evidence of a survey mathematics teaching approaches essential conducted to ascertain on students’ attitude in elevating students’ the effectiveness of and achievement: A attitude and morale in the teaching meta-analytic study. science and approaches. mathematics subjects. Batty, Collins, & Experimental The research entails The introduction of Odders-White, evidence on the the purpose of education to effects of financial introducing financial elementary schools education on education to children. will enhance elementary schools performance and students’ knowledge, increase interest in behavior, and study hence; attitudes. improving attitude and behaviors. Peterson et. Al., The impact of The study helps in The research ACTION RESEARCH PROPOSAL 5 Entrepreneurial elevating measures the impacts Education on entrepreneurial of entrepreneurial Entrepreneurial attitude by education to students. attitudes and introducing intentions: Hysteresis entrepreneurial and persistence. education in schools. Research Questions: • What role do teachers have in improving the students’ attitudes and behaviors in a school? • How is the education system planning to handle the situation? • Do technology and the influence of social media affect the students’ behaviors in school? Section 3: Solution Strategy Action Goal: The goal of the research is to assess the effects of various attributes towards the increased cases of students’ behavior and attitude to education. The use of Inter-professional education, mobile technologies, and entrepreneurial education will be implemented to assess the issue. Selected Solution: • Questionnaires and research on High School students on their attitude towards education • Discuss with other teachers on the nature of students’ attitudes and behavior in the modern settings • Conduct a detailed research of similar subject in an online platform and literature review ACTION RESEARCH PROPOSAL • Ask for help from other teachers in assessing different types of students • Interact with parents in determining the lives of students at home • Conduct a survey on changes experienced to students who have been introduced to the mobile/modern technology • Record the results for the study Calendar Plan: Week 1: Problem Identification : Commencement of the research involving librarian Week 2: Problem documentation : Online research and survey involving students’ and teachers’ opinions : Literature review involving librarian Week 4: Solution strategy : Evaluation of the literature obtained in the research Week 5: Outcomes and evaluation Week 6: Reviewing the results of the study Section 4: Outcomes and Evaluations Expected Outcomes : Inter-professional education, mobile technology, and entrepreneurial education are vital assets for improving the morale, attitude, and the behavior of the students. The outcomes include: a. Increased attention in classroom b. Loyalty to teachers c. Improved interaction between students d. Performance improvement in mathematics and science subjects 6 ACTION RESEARCH PROPOSAL e. Enhanced law and order in school system Measurement of Outcomes: Attentiveness will be assessed through the corporation between teachers and students Students’ loyalty and obedience will be measured by the need for reporting to school Absenteeism will as well help in ascertaining the improved law and order High grades will help in measuring the performance improvement among students. Analysis of Results: The results of the survey will be analyzed by indicating the findings of the research. The study helped in obtaining information regarding the strategies of improving students’ attitudes and behaviors. Therefore, the survey indicated that the proposed solutions are helpful in achieving the outcomes. 7 ACTION RESEARCH PROPOSAL 8 References Batty, M., Collins, J. M., & Odders‐White, E. (2015). Experimental evidence on the effects of financial education on elementary school students’ knowledge, behavior, and attitudes. Journal of Consumer Affairs, 49(1), 69-96. Blazar, D., & Kraft, M. A. (2017). Teacher and teaching effects on students’ attitudes and behaviors. Educational evaluation and policy analysis, 39(1), 146-170. Briz-Ponce, L., Pereira, A., Carvalho, L., Juanes-Méndez, J. A., & García-Peñalvo, F. J. (2017). Learning with mobile technologies–Students’ behavior. Computers in Human Behavior, 72, 612-620. De Leeuw, A., Valois, P., Ajzen, I., & Schmidt, P. (2015). Using the theory of planned behavior to identify key beliefs underlying pro-environmental behavior in high-school students: Implications for educational interventions. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 42, 128-138. Peterson, E. R., Rubie-Davies, C., Osborne, D., & Sibley, C. (2016). Teachers’ explicit expectations and implicit prejudiced attitudes to educational achievement: Relations with student achievement and the ethnic achievement gap. Learning and Instruction, 42, 123140. Reeves, S., Fletcher, S., Barr, H., Birch, I., Boet, S., Davies, N., … & Kitto, S. (2016). A BEME systematic review of the effects of interprofessional education: BEME Guide No. 39. Medical teacher, 38(7), 656-668. Savelsbergh, E. R., Prins, G. T., Rietbergen, C., Fechner, S., Vaessen, B. E., Draijer, J. M., & Bakker, A. (2016). Effects of innovative science and mathematics teaching on student ACTION RESEARCH PROPOSAL attitudes and achievement: A meta-analytic study. Educational Research Review, 19, 158-172. 9 Johnson III 1 Name David Johnson Course CUR 535 Professor Dr. Wittenberg March 26, 2019 Graphical representation of the research questions and methods of collection of data Research question: Is the education offered to VI students adequate for them to adapt to their social and academic environments? Data collection strategy 1: Conduction of in-depth interviews on the VI students will provide the data required to determine the satisfaction level of the education offered. Data collection strategy 2: Carrying out focused group discussions with the VI and regular students in separate sessions will help determine the factors that hinder the social and academic life development of the VI students. Data collection strategy 3: Administering structured questionnaires for both groups of students will help determine what needs to be done in order to make the education of the VI students more satisfactory. Baseline data: This data is provides future targets for the study and helps estimate expected changes. The academic performance of the VI students over the past 1 year. The number of friends VI students have among the regular students. Running head: PROBLEMS FACED BY STUDENTS WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT Problem Identification Problems Faced by Students with Visual Impairment David Johnson III 23 March 2019 PROBLEMS FACED BY STUDENTS WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT 1 Problem Identification: Problems Faced by Students with Visual Impairment Introduction Every teacher desires to place a student in an environment where he or she can gain a lot from the teaching. Teachers face challenges dealing with students that have a visual impairment. That is because teachers are required to consider the difficulties faced by visually impaired students before making important decisions. For instance, most teachers do not have any experience of dealing with students that use braille. Most schools ignore the fact that they should make sure that they have a teacher who is skilled in teaching braille so that he or she can offer assistance to the regular ed teacher (Gabbert, 2019). That implies that there should be a close working connection among all teacher to ensure that such happens. For such to happen, much hard work has to be involved. Problem Statement The problem is accommodations and modifications of visually impaired students are not being implemented effectively by the regular classroom teachers. Upon narrowing of the problem, an intervention should and will be implemented Problem Description Systems followed by most schools do not ensure that a VI teacher is available throughout the day and thus they try to rush things so that the needs of the students can be met within the limits of the VI teacher. Even though students with a visual impairment may sometime exhibit cognitive delays or fail to, some considerations that should be considered in the learning process may fail to be noticeable (Grancis, 2006). Learning challenges may be realized especially when a child with visual impairment is not capable of learning from what a person sees. This is what PROBLEMS FACED BY STUDENTS WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT 2 happens in the classroom. Such students are not able to gain both academically and environmentally in a regular ed classroom compared to when such students are with teachers who are trained to bridge such gaps. The regular ed placement is also not sufficient in ensuring that the visually impaired students adapt well on a social level. That makes it quite challenging for students with considerable impairment students to adapt socially in the regular classroom. For instance, some students tend to associate less with students that have low vision or are blind unless a teacher offers some vital support. Even with the teacher`s help, it is not that easy to accomplish social adaptation (Grancis, 2006). The capability of adapting to social life is dependent on the individual. That is because even though some students may take less time to attune, others may take a considerably longer time and hence more patience is required. Some of the difficulties that may be encounter when researching with this issue include the fact that some students who are visually impaired may fail to provide information concerning the level of satisfaction they get in a particular school. Also, some teachers and heads of school may offer biased details regarding the measures that they undertake for ensuring that the visually impaired students gain as much as other students. In additions, the needs of visually impaired students vary from student to student, and hence this has to analyze the challenges faced by each student to avoid coming to a wrong conclusion. One of the reasons why the problem has not been addressed is because most institutions are not aware of the real issues that the visually impaired students are facing. Also, the number of students with such students is relatively low, and hence most teachers tend to ignore the challenges that these students face (Gabbert, 2019). As such, the rationale behind the selection of action research for addressing this issue involves the identification of the problems that the PROBLEMS FACED BY STUDENTS WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT 3 visually impaired students face in a regular school and development of effective strategies of addressing those particular challenges. Furthermore, I picked the topic because I have always desired to help classmates that had the problems of low vision in the classroom. I relate to the topic since my cousin experienced the same situation, and hence I understand the real issues that these students face. I am also in a motivational club, and thus I influence this topic by encouraging visually impaired students in dealing with their problems as well as encouraging others to associate well with them. By undertaking this action research, I plan to inform the institutions and the public concerning the problems that visually impaired students face and the practical strategies that can be undertaken in ensuring that these problems are addressed. REFERENCES Gabbert, C. (2019). Inclusion Strategies for Mainstreamed Classrooms. Bright Hub Education Grancis, G. (2006). Teaching Students with Special Needs in Inclusive Settings. Pearson Education Canada Inc. Running Head: PROBLEM DOCUMENTATION AND LITERATURE REVIEW Problem Documentation and Literature Review Name Instructor Institutional Affiliation Date 1 PROBLEM DOCUMENTATION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 2 Problems Faced by Students with Visual Impairment Problem documentation Current evidence indicates that students with visual impairment face numerous challenges which continue to affect their academic outcome. To be able to identify these problems, a critical review of current peer-reviewed published literature will be highlighted. The evidence from peer-reviewed will be supported by a survey result from a list of 50 visually impaired university students and 50 university lecturers. Visually impaired students and lecturers will be the groups of focus for this study because they first, visually impaired students have firsthand account of the problems/challenges they face on a day-to-day basis. On the other hand, the university lecturer is associated with these students. Therefore, they understand them better. Research Question 1. What are the significant challenges faced by students with visual impairment? Much literature has been written on the various problems that students with visual impairment usually encounter. It is evident from the problem definition that indeed students with visual impairment usually face numerous problems in their journey of education. As highlighted in the problem definition, students with a visual impairment may fail to provide information regarding the level of their satisfaction within the school and in the class environment. Moreover, some teachers and heads of school may offer biased details regarding the measures that they undertake for ensuring that the visually impaired students gain as much as other students. In additions, the needs of visually impaired students vary from student to student, and hence this has to analyze the challenges faced by each student to avoid coming to a wrong conclusion. In this problem documentation, the goal is to review relevant research literature and evaluate the PROBLEM DOCUMENTATION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 3 perspective of various researchers in regards to the problems faced by students with visual impairment. Survey Questions 1. What are some of the problems you face in learning academically? 2. Do you normally face difficulty in making friends? 3. As an individual do you get any institutional support for your visual impairment to help you academically? 4. Are you teachers/tutors/lecturers understand your level of disability and do they make an effort to enhance your learning experience? 5. Do you have access to Braille in your classroom? 6. Do you feel excluded or disengaged from your classmates who are sighted? 7. Are you normally given time extensions during the examination? 8. Do you feel you have the needed resources at your disposal to help you learn adequately as you sighted fellows? 9. Do you receive any government support in regards to your disability? 10. Are you getting encouragement from your peers and teachers as a way of motivating you? Author(s) of the study Fatima, G., Bashir, R., Malik, M., & Safder, M. Title and year of the study Purpose of the study Pertinent findings that support your project Difficulties Faced by Students with Visual Impairment Registered in Open and Distance Learning Programs of AIOU, Islamabad, Pakistan The major purpose of this survey study was to explore difficulties and barriers faced by students with visual impairment. A selfdeveloped and validated questionnaire was employed for data collection from a sample of about 40 students with visual impairment. The major finding revealed that students with visual impairment encountered and continue to encounter problems in orientation, transportation, academics, taking examination, provision of reading materials in Braille, use of information, and taking examination through different modes. (2014) PROBLEM DOCUMENTATION AND LITERATURE REVIEW Salleh, N. M., & Zainal, K. How and why the visually impaired students socially behave the way they do (2010) Majoni, C., & Mashatise, J. Challenges faced by students with blindness studying through open and distance learning (2017) 4 The purpose of this study was discuss the social behaviors of visually impaired students by comparing their level of socializing and discipline in school. It also focused on highlighting the various problems that they encounter within the school environment. The finding of this study is that most of the visually impaired were passive and generally had difficulties in interacting with people. However the study also found that the level of indiscipline among the visually impaired was similar to that of the sighted students. The study proposes a few intervention strategies to help the visually impaired students adapt to their environment and secure peer and community acceptance. This study sought to find out the challenges faced by blind students studying through Open and Distance Learning (ODL) The finding of the study concluded that although open distance learning (ODL) is ideal for blind students or students with visual impairment because they learn at their own pace and in the comfort of their homes. However, the study concluded that regardless of how slow the students can master the art of learning at their own pace; they need PROBLEM DOCUMENTATION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 5 highly trained personnel to assist them. Otyola, W. R., Kibanja, G. M., & Mugagga, A. M. Challenges faced by visually impaired students at Makerere and Kyambogo Universities. (2017). Sahasrabudhe, S., & Palvia, P Academic challenges of blind students and their mitigation strategies. (2013). The purpose of the study was to evaluate and investigate the challenges faced by students with visual impairment in the university. The study employed crosssectional survey design and involved 200 respondents with 50 being visually impaired student, 50 visually impaired teachers, 50 visually sighted students and 50 impaired university administrators The findings of this study revealed that the visually impaired students receive government assistance, extra time during examination, and even oral examination, and buddy support. However, these students experience constrained limitation in the method instruction and assessment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and understand the academic challenges faced by blind and visually impaired students in high school and college, their resolution strategies and the use of technology to aid their study. The study concluded that blind and visually impaired students both in college and high school face numerous challenges when it comes to academic based on the fact that they are either blind or visually impaired. The study noted some of the challenges including the knowledge of their extent of visual disability, knowledge of the Braille, PROBLEM DOCUMENTATION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 6 availability of materials in Braille, availability of alternative formats such as tactile models, availability of human assistance reader/scribe, affordability of the solution technology and perceived use of the solution technology Kerri Janae JohnsonJones Educating Students with Visual Impairments in the General Education Setting (2017) Simon, C., Echeita, G., Sandoval, M., & Lopez, M. (2010) The inclusive educational process of students with visual impairments in Spain: An analysis from the perspective of organizations. The study aimed at examining the experiences of visually impaired students and their teachers about their experiences within general educational setting. The study employed a case study to gather data in a naturalistic setting. All student participants involved in the study were students with visual impairment. The finding of this study revealed four major themes namely acknowledging sense of self, depending on structures of support, desiring a sense of normalcy, and responding to barriers. Visually impaired students reported lack of accessibility, and access to many areas of the general classroom setting, along with the curriculum as some of the most critical challenges they face. The purpose of this study was to highlight the inclusive educational process by understanding the various problems The findings of the study indicates that visually impaired students are exposed to numerous set of challenges both within the school and PROBLEM DOCUMENTATION AND LITERATURE REVIEW (2010) faced by visually impaired students. 7 outside environment. As a result, their educational attainment is affected. The study thus recommends an all-inclusive educational process that highlights the needs of both sighted and visually impaired students within the classroom environment. PROBLEM DOCUMENTATION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 8 References Fatima, G., Bashir, R., Malik, M., & Safder, M. (2014). Difficulties faced by students with visual impairment registered in open and distance learning programs of AIOU, Islamabad, Pakistan. Academic Research International, 5(3), 214. Johnson-Jones, K. J. (2017). Educating students with visual impairments in the general education setting. Majoni, C., & Mashatise, J. (2017). CHALLENGES FACED BY STUDENTS WITH BLINDNESS STUDYING THROUGH OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNING. European Journal of Research in Social Sciences Vol, 5(2). Otyola, W. R., Kibanja, G. M., & Mugagga, A. M. (2017). Challenges faced by visually impaired students at Makerere and Kyambogo Universities. Makerere Journal of Higher Education, 9(1), 75-86. Sahasrabudhe, S., & Palvia, P. (2013, August). Academic challenges of blind students and their mitigation strategies. In Proceedings of the Nineteenth Americas Conference on Information Systems, Chicago, Illinois (pp. 15-17). Sahasrabudhe, S., & Palvia, P. (2013, August). Academic challenges of blind students and their mitigation strategies. In Proceedings of the Nineteenth Americas Conference on Information Systems, Chicago, Illinois (pp. 15-17). PROBLEM DOCUMENTATION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 9 Salleh, N. M., & Zainal, K. (2010). How and why the visually impaired students socially behave the way they do. Procedia-social and behavioral sciences, 9, 859-863. Simon, C., Echeita, G., Sandoval, M., & Lopez, M. (2010). The inclusive educational process of students with visual impairments in Spain: An analysis from the perspective of organizations. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 104(9), 565-570. PROBLEM DOCUMENTATION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 10 Content Problem Documentation Feedback Information provided verifies that a problem exists and clarifies the nature of the problem. A 10-item survey with questions or information that would assist the writer with research has been created. The group(s) that will be surveyed are indicated and a brief rationale for surveying each group, the major elements of the problem that writer wants to explore and verify, and 10 questions are included. You identified the existing problem and provided clarification as to its nature. Literature Review Feedback The literature review summarizes all important research relevant to the problem, demonstrating a current understanding of the topic. The literature review includes at least seven literature references. The literature review follows the required format. Your review of the literature summarizes some of the aspects associated with the problem. Your work would be strengthened by providing greater detail with regard to the information in the individual articles/resources. Additionally, it would be good for you to elaborate in your text on the areas of comparison and contrast among the various articles/resources you selected. Research Questions (1 to 3 Questions) Feedback Question aligns to the purpose of the project The research question you identified is rather Question aligns to what the literature review reveals broad, and should be more focused by relating it about the problem directly to the Purpose and your Focus statements. Question is narrowly focused, researchable, and can be answered with data Higher-Order Thinking Feedback Writer compares, contrasts, and integrates theory and subject matter with work environment or experience. At an appropriate level, the writer analyzes and synthesizes theory and practice to develop new ideas and ways of conceptualizing and performing. You have done a good job in summarizing the various references. Your work would be strengthened by connecting the material in those various references in terms of comparing and contrasting current views on the problem. Organization Theme and Structure Feedback Central theme or purpose is immediately clear Your paper is written well, and the central theme of your work is clear and understandable. Structure is clear, logical, and easy to follow Subsequent sections develop and support the central theme PROBLEM DOCUMENTATION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 11 Style and Mechanics Format Feedback Adheres to APA guidelines Your paper adheres to APA guidelines. Citations and reference page follow APA guidelines Ideas and info from other sources are properly cited Proposal is well organized and displays attention to detail Grammar, Punctuation, and Spelling Feedback Appropriate grammar, usage, and punctuation are evident Spelling is correct Your writing mechanics are good. Readability and Style Feedback Sentences are complete, clear, and concise Sentences are well-constructed with consistently strong, varied structure Transitions between sentences, paragraphs, and sections help maintain the flow of thought Words used are precise and unambiguous The tone is appropriate to the audience, content, and assignment The tone of your writing is appropriate, and the paper flows well for the reader. Comments and Grade Comments Overall, a very impressive job on this Section Two assignment. Grade 4.35 / 5
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